Non-communicable diseases (NCDs), including diabetes, are the leading
causes for mortality and morbidity worldwide. Their burden is
increasing fastest in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) where
75% of NCD-related deaths occur. Emergency relief and humanitarian aid
organisations have witnessed a significant increase of NCDs among
refugees and internally displaced populations.
While in the past these populations were mostly affected by
infectious diseases such as malaria or cholera, today many also
require treatment for NCDs such as diabetes, hypertension, cancers and
respiratory diseases. For a person with diabetes, the lack of insulin
availability can lead to life-threatening complications such as
ketoacidosis, blindness, kidney failure or heart attack. Concerted
action and coordination between actors is needed to ensure access to
healthcare and ongoing treatment for these patients.