Whether you are new to caring for someone with type 1 diabetes or have been newly diagnosed yourself, the pages below contain useful information for understanding, diagnosing and treating type 1 diabetes. The pages also provide tips for living with type 1 diabetes and highlight the variety of support available to you.



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Type 1 diabetes is a condition characterised by high blood sugar levels. It’s a life-long condition that has a relatively quick onset, and is usually diagnosed in childhood.  Your body stops making the insulin that would normally control your blood glucose levels and so you need to take replacement insulin every day using an insulin pen or pump to keep your blood glucose levels within a healthy range.

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Type 1 diabetes usually develops very rapidly, usually in childhood. Symptoms can appear suddenly, without warning, so it’s really important to seek medical advice promptly if you notice symptoms in yourself or your children. Diagnostic tests are quick and easy and a confirmed diagnosis will allow you to start treatment before complications develop.   

The good news is that if you or your child is diagnosed with type 1 diabetes there’s a good range of effective medications and convenient delivery devices available, as well as lots of practical and emotional support to help you manage your diabetes control. 

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Type 1 patient with HCP in consultation room


Blood sugar, insulin & HbA1c

Managing diabetes is about striking a balance between blood sugar and insulin levels.

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If you have type 1 diabetes, you will need to take insulin every day, and your insulin type and dosing frequency will depend on your personal situation and what suits you.

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Insulin pumps

Some people with type 1 diabetes prefer to take their insulin using an insulin pump, which can be easier, more accurate and more discreet than an injection regimen.

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Taking care of your emotional health

With so many physical factors to consider, it’s easy to forget that type 1 diabetes can affect your emotional health as well.

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Monitoring and recording

Keeping good records is key to great diabetes management. Find out why, and get some tips.

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Staying active and eating well

Diet and exercise are an important part of type 1 diabetes care, but sometimes the hardest to achieve. Get help and advice.

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Get involved

Good support is essential to help you cope well and enjoy life with type 1 diabetes. Find out what support is available and how to find it.

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Travel & holidays

Type 1 patient standing on beach

Type 1 diabetes won’t stop you from travelling around the world, but there might be some extra preparation to do.

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At work

Type 1 patient sitting in the office by a window

Having type 1 diabetes can present unique challenges in the workplace – learn how to make your working day easier.

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At school: young children

Young type 1 patient playing football

Make sure your child feels comfortable and confident about managing their diabetes in school.

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At school: older children and students

Teenage type 1 patient sitting in park

Follow our self-management checklist and be prepared to make the most of your school or college experience.

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At school: for teachers

Young type 1 patient sitting in playground

Help your students with type 1 diabetes get the most out of school life by understanding their condition and the role you can play in helping them to manage it well.

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Pregnant woman standing next to wall

You can have a happy and healthy pregnancy, but it’s important to plan carefully and do what you can to optimise the health of you and your baby.

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Young people

Young type 1 boy holding his tennis racket

As a young person with type 1 diabetes, you’ll experience a lot of change in your life, including self-managing your diabetes. Get advice and tips to help you. 

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Caring for adults

Older type 1 woman on sofa knitting

Adults with type 1 diabetes usually need support from others, especially as they get older or if they have disabilities. The more you know, the more you will be able to help.

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Caring for children

Mother sitting outside on swing with two children

Whether you’re new to caring for a child with type 1 diabetes or have been doing it for years, find out what information and support is available to you.

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