Options, implications and bonus benefits

Being active can help to preserve and protect joints, improve stability, strength and motion and maintain a healthy weight.


Published 6 November 2019 | 3 min read

Plenty of options, tailored to you

Whether you are living with haemophilia or not, regular physical activity can be beneficial for a variety of diseases and conditions and overall quality of life. In fact, staying healthy can actually help you to take part in more activities. So, moving more means you’ll be able to do more.

Consider your unique personal situation when embarking on a new sport or activity. Everyone living with haemophilia varies in how they respond to exercise, so your choice should be individual and tailored to your level of ability. It's better to start small than not start at all. 1,2

Walking up the stairs instead of taking the lift is a small change, but it’s a big step towards improving your joint health. The best idea is to chat with your haemophilia team to work out what's right for you, as no matter your ability level, there are many different types of exercise to get involved in. As someone living with haemophilia, the choice to take up sports or increase your level of physical activity is a personal and individual decision, as discussed with your doctor. 3

Whether you fancy a higher intensity sport, such as cycling, or something more relaxing like playing badminton with your friends, the possibilities are vast. You just need to find the sport that you like most – consult with your doctor to set realistic and unique goals for yourself. Surpassing these can give you a real sense of personal achievement! 3

Bonus benefits

Exercises that focus on strength and balance can help to maintain healthy joints.4 But whilst keeping fit and living with haemophilia can go hand in hand, joint outcomes aren’t the only benefit that you’ll enjoy.

It has been shown that being active can help to preserve and protect your joints, improve stability, strength and motion and maintain a healthy weight. 4–7 So you might find walking that little bit easier on your joints. Or that joining your local swimming club has helped you to meet new people and make new friends. Exercise can improve emotional and social well-being, so consult with your healthcare team to work out the best plan for you. 4,8

Living with haemophilia can present challenges, but there's no reason it should hold you back. Sometimes it helps to get family members or friends involved in, whether that's swimming lessons or going to the park together. Combining social and physical activities can help to increase the joy of participation. How do you get your family involved in being active?

Everyone responds differently, so remember your individual goals and expectations. You will have unique interests and bleeding complications, so there’s no reason why your exercise plan shouldn’t be individual to you, too. Talk to your healthcare team and find the exercise plan that works for you.


  1. The Haemophilia Society, Frequently Asked Questions
  2. Blamey G et al. Haemophilia 2010; 16 (Suppl 5): 136–145.
  3. Mulder K. 2006, Montreal, Quebec, Canada: World Federation of Hemophilia.
  4. Negrier C et al. Haemophilia 2013; 19(4): 487–498.
  5. Gilbert MS. 1997, Montreal, Quebec, Canada: World Federation of Hemophilia.
  6. Mulder K and Llinás A. Haemophilia 2004; 10: 152–156.
  7. Srivastava A et al. Haemophilia 2013; 19(1): e1–47.
  8. von Mackensen S. Haemophilia 2007; 13 Suppl 2: 38–43.