Type 1 diabetes
Type 1 diabetes is a lifelong condition that is treated with injections of insulin. Injections must be given each day and some people require multiple injections a day to help maintain blood glucose control.
Type 1 diabetes develops when an "autoimmune reaction" destroys beta cells in the pancreas. Autoimmune reaction means that the body creates antibodies against its own cells. As a result, the pancreas stops producing insulin or cannot produce enough insulin on its own.
Watch the video to learn more about type 1 diabetes.
Treatment involves daily insulin injections, in conjunction with healthy eating and regular exercise. Symptoms of type 1 diabetes are usually:
- Extreme thirst
- Frequent urination
- Sugar in the urine
- An acetone-like smell around the body
- Fatigue, weakness, drowsiness
- Excessive weight loss over a short period of time, for no apparent reason
Although the cause of diabetes is unknown, there are certain risk factors that can increase the risk of developing type 1 diabetes. Risk factors for type 1 diabetes include:
- Ethnic background or race (more common in people of Caucasian descent)
- Having a parent with type 1 diabetes