1995 A Year with Focus on Quality
Environmental Management
Environmental Communications
Health and Safety
Environmental Performance 1995
Fig. 1. Novo Nordisk's Resource Consumption, Waste Volumes and Emissions in 1995
Animal Experiments and Animals used in Experiments
Eco-productivity Index, EPI
Tables


1995 A Year with Focus on Quality
A principal activity in 1995 was quality certification, and throughout Enzyme Business work took place on gaining ISO 9002 certification. We achieved 8 of the 14 targets set for 1995, and a further 5 targets are expected to be achieved during 1996. Moreover, progress has been made in achieving 9 out of 10 of the targets set for 199596 and 199597. Furthermore, 8 new environmental targets have been set. Table 3 presents the status of the 24 targets set out in the 1994 Environmental Report, as well as 8 new targets for the future.

Who are our stakeholders?
We are currently experiencing a growing interest in our environmental work and the range of interested parties is expanding. Our environmental stakeholders include employees, public authorities, environmental organizations, neighbours, customers, suppliers, students, and the financial and insurance sectors. We endeavour to make our report easy to read so that laymen can also benefit from the information it presents. Technical terms are explained in boxes close to the text in which they appear.

In 1995 we carried out a reader survey of representatives of the different target groups. Generally there was satisfaction with the report, but a number of constructive suggestions were also made which we will seek to incorporate in the coming years.

Data compilation
Data is compiled from our own measurements and calculations, on the basis of invoices, and in a few cases as estimates. Absolute quantities are always stated. Our internal audit department has contributed to controlling 1995 data for the factories in Kalundborg, Bagsvaerd, Copenhagen and Gentofte. Data for the factory in Anagni, Italy, and FeF Chemicals, Koege, is not included in the totals, since these units are not part of the Group's core areas.

Environmental Management
At our factories worldwide 15 accidental releases of chemicals and liquid waste and 56 complaints from neighbours have been recorded. Breaches of 19 regulatory limit values were recorded, of which 12 were breached 2 or more times. There were no accidental releases of genetically-modified microorganisms in 1995.

Novo Nordisk has not been subject to any lawsuits or fines concerning environmental cases and our insurance policies covering environmental claims have not been utilized in 1995.

Environmental Communications
Novo Nordisk gives high priority to both internal and external communication. We devote many resources to internal environmental training and education, external lecturing and participation in various international environmental networks. In 1995 we also arranged a press conference on transgenic animals, and for the first time local environmental organizations visited our enzyme plant in Franklinton, North Carolina, USA.

Health and Safety
The frequency of occupational injuries and reported occupational diseases per million working hours in Denmark is unchanged from 1994 to 1995.

In 1995 a smoking policy was adopted for the Danish part of our organization. We are establishing a database to monitor international working environment data and this year we can report data for occupational injuries at our workplaces in Denmark and at production sites abroad.

Environmental Performance 1995
Figure 1 below presents the Group's total consumption of resources, as well as waste volumes and emissions in 1995. We also show the distribution between the different sites regarding consumption of energy and water, and recycled and discharged liquid waste.

FIG. 1. Novo Nordisk's Resource Consumption, Waste Volumes and Emissions in 1995.
(The figures do not include FeF Chemicals, Koege, and the site in Anagni, Italy.)


Liquid waste recycled as fertilizer
In 1995 1.87 million m3 of liquid waste was recycled as fertilizer.

Yeast slurry
In 1995 27,000 m3 of yeast slurry was recycled as pig feed.

Recycled solid waste
In 1995 4,100 metric tons of solid waste was recycled.


Disposed solid waste
In 1995 12,100 metric tons of solid waste was generated for incineration, dumping or controlled destruction.

Discharged liquid waste
In 1995 1.94 million m3 of liquid waste was discharged to the aquatic environment.


Emissions of CO2 and SO2
In 1995 522,000 metric tons of CO2 and 2,620 metric tons of SO2 were emitted from own and external energy plants.

Organic solvents
In 1995 an estimated 5070 metric tons of organic solvents was discharged to the atmosphere.


Raw materials
Our total consumption of raw materials in 1995 was 261,000 metric tons.


Packaging
Our total consumption of packaging in 1995 was 9,890 metric tons.


Energy
Our total consumption of energy in 1995 was 3.88 million gigajoules (GJ).


Water
Our total consumption of water in 1995 was 4.78 million m3.


Transport
63,300 metric tons of products were distributed from Denmark in 1995.


Animal Experiments and Animals used in Experiments
The number of animals used in experiments is by and large unchanged from 1994. In 1995 Novo Nordisk used 160,707 animals, including on a contract basis, of which 191 were transgenic mice. The specialist group for animal experiments has carried out a series of communication activities in 1995. A pilot course on animal experiments took place, and seminars focusing on the use of animals in experiments, biological production tests and alternative methods to animal experiments were held for directors from relevant areas.

Eco-productivity Index, EPI an Indicator of Resource Utilization
An eco-productivity index (EPI) indicates the effectiveness of our use of resources in production in the course of one year. It relates the scale of our production to consumption of respectively raw materials, water, energy and packaging. The higher the EPI, the better we have been at using a specific resource. We also state resource consumption as absolute figures, but an increase or decrease does not describe the efficiency of our resource consumption. Table 1 shows the development in EPIs from 1993 to 1995.

How an EPI is calculated:


1990 = index 100

The turnover index (volume/product mix) is adjusted for exchange-rate and price fluctuations. Table 2 gives an example of calculation of EPI for raw materials in 19901995.

The majority of our environmental impacts originate from fermentation operations. Although approx. 72% of Novo Nordisk's total turnover is from Health Care Business (HCB), all fermentation-based production takes place in Enzyme Business (EB). Therefore the EPI is based on EB's turnover, except EPI for packaging of pharmaceuticals, where consumption of packaging materials is related to HCB's turnover.

As the individual sites do not manufacture a product from start to finish it is not possible to state their EPIs.

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